OT/ICS Secure by Design

  • Policy and Procedure vulnerabilities
  • Architecture and Design Vulnerabilities
  • Configuration and Maintenance Vulnerabilities
  • Physical Vulnerabilities
  • Software Development Vulnerabilities
  • Communication and Network Configuration Vulnerabilities
  • Metal (For protection)
  • Ports (remove or close unnecessary ports , otherwise authentication is required)
  • Pins and Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
  • Electromagnetic Pulse and Cyber Defense (EMP)
  • Counterfeiting
  • Cryptography and Strong Encryption
  • Secure boot
  • True Random Numbers
  • Security Hardened Operating Systems
  • Evaluation Assurance Level
  • Anti-Tamper for Cyber Defense
  • Secure Supply Chain and Key Management System
  • Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
  • Hardware Root of Trust


  1. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/pivot-process-variable-anomaly-detection-dale-peterson/
  2. https://www.langner.com/2019/03/what-does-insecure-by-design-actually-mean-for-ot-ics-security/
  3. https://www.controlglobal.com/blogs/unfettered/the-ot-paradigm-is-broken-technically-and-culturally-it-must-be-fixed




ICS/IT security researcher

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Sulaiman Alhasawi

Sulaiman Alhasawi

ICS/IT security researcher

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